First aid tips

First aid tips|heart attack, tips kejang-kejang, aid tips
First Aid Tips (Tips Pertolongan Pertama)
Mouth - TO - Mouth Resuscitation
If  the victim's breathing has stopped, and you are trained, administer CPR; otherwise remove any foreign matter lodged in mouth or throat (make sure tongue is not obstructing throat) and begin mouth - mouth resuscitation immediately. An ambulance should be called at once.

first-aid-tips1. Lift victim's neck and extend the head with your other hand to open air passage. Pull chin upward. Pinch off the nostrils to close and prevent air leakage when inflating lungs

tips-aid2. Place your mouth firmly over the victim's mouth (for a small child, palce mouth over both nose and mouth); blow hard until his chest rises (infants and small children need only small puffs of air)

tips-bantuan-pertolongan3. Disengage and let victim exhale through mouth or nose. Continue blowing once every 5 seconds ( for small children, once every 3 second) until the victim begins breathing on his own or untill the ambulance arrives. 

Heart Attack (Serangan Jantung)
Persistent chest pain, often radiating to left shoulder and arm. Difficulty breathing. Lips, skin, and fingernails turn bluish. Call an ambulance or emergency help. Place the victim in a comfortable position, sitting up. Use pillows for support. Keep warm and loosen his collar. If you're trained, administer CPR, otherwise give mouth - to mouth resuscitation if breathing has stopped. Do not put any foreign matter to victim's mouth.

Epilepsy (Kejang-kejang)
Strong jerking movements; stiff body. Difficulty breathing. Bluish face. Eyes rolled back, gritting of teeth, frothy mouth. Call doctor, Prevent patient from hurting himself. Keep him lying down on side or stomach, do not restrain. Loosen collar and cover him.

Stroke (Stroke)
Unconscious. Heavy breathing. Apparent weakness in face or limbs on one side of body. Inability to speak. Cover patient with a light blanket. Turn head of vomiting patient to side. Give no stimulants and nothing to eat or drink. Call on ambulance or emergency help.

Airway Obstruction (obstruksi jalur napas)
Ask the victim if he can breathe. If he cannot, deliver four sharp blows between the shoulder blades with the heel of your hand. Stand behind victim and wrap your arms around his waist. Grasp one fist with your other hand and place the thumb side of the first against the victim's stomach. Use four quick thrust to expel any matter from the breathing passage